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FAQ / ARCHIVE MANAGER > COMPARE 7Z, RAR, ZIP FILE COMPRESSION FORMATS
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Comparison of archive formats



COMPARE FEATURES AND COMPRESSION RATIO OF 7Z, RAR, ZIP, ZIPX ARCHIVES

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ARCHIVE TYPES COMPARATIVES

zip vs rar vs 7z



ZIP format


ZIP is a popular archiving format, mainstream on Microsoft Windows systems; ZIP file format specifications are maintained by PKWare which originally developed the format.
Newer archive formats like 7Z and RAR have gained popularity and introduced several improvements (some of them then brought into later ZIP format revisions) as better compression ratio, recovery records to rebuild accidentally missing data, strong encryption etc, but ZIP format retained much of its popularity gained in several years of widespread use, mainly for two factors:
  • ZIP compression is quite fast and it is not CPU intensive (for today's standard) - it's based on Deflate algorithm (like in GZip format), alternatively Deflate64 or BZip2 based compression is possible, and supported by PeaZip - that makes ZIP format an ideal candidate for archiving large quantities of mixed types of data (i.e. performing a backup), when speed is more important than maximum compression, which is usually the case with today's large disks and large, poorly compressible multimedia files.
  • ZIP support is nearly ubiquitous (i.e. most Linux distributions and Windows since XP have basic support for ZIP standard out of the box), making ZIP format the ideal choice when distributing files i.e. downloadable packages, mail attachments etc.
Recently WinZip (probably the most popular zip file utility on MS Windows platform) introduced a new encryption scheme, Advanced Encryption (AE), AES based; AE-encrypted archives and classic ZipCrypto-encrypted archives are supported by PeaZip (for legacy compatibility purpose, ZipCrypto encryption is weak by today's standards and should not be used for new files), and it is also capable to read PKWare's AES encrypted zip archives.
Many archive/package formats (i.e. JAR, XPI, APK etc) are based on modified ZIP standard, and can be consequently read by PeaZip.

Learn more about ZIP file format

ZIPX format


ZIPX is a new archiving format implemented in WinZip starting from 12.1 release, evolved from ZIP specifications with newer data compression algorithms - BZip, LZMA, PPMd and others.
It provides a compression ratio comparable with RAR format, but ZIPX compression/extraction is significantly slower than ZIP and marginally slower than RAR, in the range of operating with 7Z format.
So, while ZIPX is a more feature-rich and powerful compression format than ZIP, functionally it is not an 1:1 replacement of it, being slower and not yet supported by most third party utilities, an "issue" it shares with most of ZIP alternative formats.

Learn more about ZIPX file format

TAR format


TAR is a pure-archiving format popular on Unix and Unix-like systems (often used for backup and for content distribution on those platforms).
It does provide only archiving (concatenate input data and metadata in a single output file), delegating functions as compression, encryption, parity/integrity check, to external software working in pipeline with TAR command output.

Learn more about TAR archives, GZIP compression, BZIP2 compression

7Z format


7Z is a modern, open source archive format, featuring AES encryption, native volume spanning, and high compression ratio, in many cases (depending on the nature of the input data), better than RAR and ZIPX formats.
The 7z archive format was introduced by 7-Zip on Windows platform and ported by p7zip team on Unix platforms.
Supported compression algorithms (LZMA/LZMA2, PPMd, BZip2) can take benefit of parallel computing on modern multicore CPUs, but 7Z is still a format chosen when higher compression, and not speed, is the primary goal.

Learn more about 7Z file format

RAR format


RAR is a proprietary archive format introduced by WinRar for Windows platform, and ported to Linux (only as extractor) by the same Author, Eugene Roshal.
RAR extraction routines were also rewritten as Open Source software (PeaZip uses this Open Source RAR component from 7-Zip/p7zip project), but its original license however does not allow third party to create a RAR compressor.
RAR format features better compression ratio than ZIP, built-in strong encryption, and error recovery capabilities with optional use of recovery records.
For all those reasons, and being one of the first ZIP alternative released, even being a proprietary format RAR is a very popular choice especially for file distribution over the web, where the error recovery capability is a welcome advantage over most of other file formats.

Learn more about RAR file format

ACE format


ACE is a proprietary archive format introduced on Windows platform by WinACE and ported to Linux as command line utility (extraction only) by the same Author of WinACE.
The format is currently less popular than in past years, it offers improved compression compared to ZIP, but not as powerful as for RAR, ZIPX, and 7Z formats.
Due to the commercial nature of the format no free software is available for creating ACE archives, but UNACE for extraction of ACE archives was made available as royalty free (for use and distribution) closed source software.
PeaZip features UNACE for Windows and Linux as external plugin on Add-ons page in order to keep the base PeaZip package free of closed source software (only software released under OSI approved licenses are included in the base package) and provide end users the ability of unpacking ACE archives.
UNACE plugin for PeaZip is available either as installable package or as compressed package to be installed by hand (recommended for PeaZip portable), and it's free of charge.

Learn more about ACE file format

Other archival and compression formats properties


Lear more about CAB packages, and PEA file format.

ARC (or WRC) is a new, open source archiving format developed by Bulat Ziganshin.
The format features strong but speed/memory efficient compression, comparable to or better than RAR an 7Z formats for most filetypes.
ARC format also supports recovery records (like RAR), for attempting data repair in case of corruption of the archive, and strong encryption with AES, Serpent and Twofish (all up to 256 bit key size) and Blowfish.
Interestingly, ARC command line syntax is close to WinRAR one, allowing easy porting of scripts from one program to the other.
PeaZip offers a GUI frontend to create, browse, test, repair and extract ARC/WRC archives under Windows and Linux (on Gnome, KDE or other desktop environments).
ARC/WRC files can be currently be browsed only in flat mode (shows all objects in archive), but in any other aspect they can be handled as ZIP/7Z files (see previous point).
Please note that ARC (or ARK) is also the extension of an archive format developed by SEA company: it was of mainstream diffusion before the introduction of ZIP, and it has no connection with FreeARC's ARC format. PeaZip does not support SEA ARC/ARK files.

PAQ, LPAQ and most recent ZPAQ are families of experimental compressors developed by Matt Mahomey and contributors.
PAQ compression has very high computational requirements (memory, CPU time) if compared to mainstream compressors, but reaches the highest compression ratio presently possible. Most of top ranking compression algorithms (i.e. Hutter prize winners) belongs from PAQ family or are derived works, as well as used in high compression utilities like KGB Archiver, WinUDA, WinRK and Emilcont. Best choice when maximum compression is desired regardless speed and memory usage.
LPAQ is a "lite" version of PAQ, meant to be faster but providing lower compression levels; it is a compression only utility, so LPAQ-compressed files will feature a double extension, i.e. filename.ext.lpaq. In PeaZip if multiple files are sent to be compressed by LPAQ they will be automatically added to a TAR archive before, resulting in the double extension TAR.LPAQ.
ZPAQ is the latest evolution of the PAQ family, featuring backward compatibility, while PAQ and LPAQ doesn't, so archives created with a PAQ/LPAQ version need to be extracted with the same version. PeaZip offers a GUI frontend to create, browse and extract many PAQ (PAQ8F, JD, L and O) and LPAQ (LPAQ1 and LPAQ5) archive types, under MS Windows and Linux (on Gnome, KDE or other desktop environments).

QUAD and BALZ are very efficient ROLZ-based compressor developed by Ilia Muraviev (QUAD and BALZ project pages), featuring high compression ratio and high extraction speed, due to the observation most types of end users are expected to routinely unpack data and rarely compress files.
QUAD and BALZ are single file compressors, so compressed files will feature a double extension, i.e. filename.ext.quad.
In PeaZip, if multiple files are sent to be compressed by QUAD or BALZ they will be automatically added to a TAR archive before, resulting in the double extension TAR.QUAD or TAR.BALZ respectively. PeaZip offers a GUI frontend to create, browse and extract QUAD and BALZ compressed files, under Microsoft Windows and Linux (on Gnome, KDE or other desktop environments).

For performance comparison of archive file formats in mainstream archive manager utilities see PeaZip's Benchmarks page.

More information about archive types comparatives


External online resources: Wikipedia page about comparison of archive formatsWikipedia data compression comparative in terms of features, PKWarestandard zip file (created ZIP format), WinZipzipx file format standard, 7-Zip7zip, WinRARrar file format standard, PAQHutter prize winner compressor wikipedia Wikipedia entry, ZPAQjournaled file archiver project page.

Topics and search suggestions: choose best compression and archiving format for each task, comparative of archive formats for speed, compression ratio, and features, how RAR, ZIP, ZIPX, 7Z file formats compare, data compression test, archive standards wiki, rar vs zip, rar versus 7z, rar compared to zipx format, compare archiving formats performances.


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free rar files utility

PeaZip is a free cross-platform file archiver that provides an unified portable GUI for many Open Source technologies like 7-Zip, FreeArc, PAQ, UPX...
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Features of PeaZip includes extract, create and convert multiple archives at once, create self-extracting archives, split/join files, strong encryption with two factor authentication, encrypted password manager, secure deletion, find duplicate files, calculate hashes, export job definition as script.

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