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FAQ / TIPS & TRICKS > COMPRESS VIRTUAL MACHINES, DISK IMAGES
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Optimize Virtual Machines and disk images



OPTIMIZE DISK OCCUPATION OF VIRTUAL MACHINES

VIRTUAL MACHINES OPTIMIZATION, MORE INFORMATION

compress virtual machine



Zeroing files and free disk space


"Zero delete" function in PeaZip's "File tools" submenu is intended for overwriting data with all-0 stream, either as a file deletion option and as a supported mode for overwriting partition's free space, in order to fill corresponding physical disk area of homegeneus, highly compressible data.
Marginally, this deletion and free space optimization mode also offers a basic grade of security over PeaZip's "Quick delete" function, which simply remove the file from filesystem, making it not recoverable by system's recycle bin but susceptible of being recovered with undelete file utilities.
Zero deletion however is not meant for advanced security, and PeaZip's "Secure delete" should be used instead when it is needed to securely and permanently erase a file or sanitize free space on a volume.

Optimize virtual disk images with zero delete


A Disk image is a snapshot of the content of a disk, meaning all the content of the disk is mirrored into a file which is a 1:1 copy of the source.
This involves saving exactly the data is stored on the unit, bypassing possible filesystem's problems or limitations, and avoiding the inherent overhead in managing data as separate files running a set of high level software to read the filesystem structure, which means data recovery software may be simpler and faster.
This is usually an higly efficient way to backup large quantities of data, and to perform a full system backup which in disaster recovery events can be deployed without, unlike plain data backup, needing additional work to restore the system, software, licenses etc.
But, being created in a filesystem-agnostic way, the image of the disk contains all data featured on the unit, including ones in sectors marked (in the filesystem) as deleted data, which may represent a sizeable overhead - especially over the time, as files gets created and deleted on the physical machine.
Zeroing the free space (and zeroing files being deleted) let the free space in an higly ordered, highly compressible state, that brings substantial improvement in terms of size reduction of resulting disk images even with most elementary compression algorithms - often built-in in disk imaging systems.
Consequently, it is recommended to perform PeaZip's "Zero delete free space" on physical machines before saving disk images for backup/disaster recovery purpose (or to routinely delete files with Zero delete function) to substantially reduce the size of the disk image.

open virtual machine disk

PeaZip supports reading (browse, search, extract) various types of disk images commonly used by virtualization software: QCOW2 (QUEMU), VMDK (VMWare Virtual Machine Disk), and VDI (Oracle VirtualBox Virtual Drive Image)

open vmdk files


Virtual machines backup


Virtual machines
often comes with non-preallocated disk image, that means the content of disks of the VM is saved on host physical machine to a disk image file which smaller than the nominal VM disks size.
Popular providers of platform virtualization solutions are Microsoft (Azure, VirtualPV), Oracle (VirtualBox), and VMWare.
Anyway, even this optimization is often far than optimal in terms of space occupation on host machine, as the VM disk image contains also the data not referenced in the disk's filesystem (as explained in Disk images paragraph), which can be a sizeable overhead over the real size of occupied disk space inside the virtual machine, that should be the target size for disk image - which depending on the imaging software / VM technology may also be compressed further reducing space requirements.
As for disk images created for backup and disaster recovery purpose it is useful having PeaZip installed in the physical machine to zeroe the free space before the disk image creation, the same apply to virtual machines, where PeaZip should be available and routinely employed to zeroe the free space on VM disks, letting it in an higly uniform and highly compressible state, which results in smaller disk image on the host machine - which allows to more rationally use host disk space for storing more virtual machine applicances, or more VM restore points.

Virtual Machines optimization, more information


External online resources: virtual machine definitionoptimize virtual disk on Wikipedia, Microsoft Virtual PCmicrosoft virtual machine, Oracle VM VirtualBoxoracle virtual machine technology, VMWarevirtual disk player, server mainstream virtualization solution providers.

Topics and serach suggestions: QCOW2 QUEMU image, VMDK VMWare Virtual Machine Disk, VDI Oracle VirtualBox Virtual Drive Image, zero delete files, optimize virtual machines backup, reduce disk image size, save disk space occupation, zeroing free space, guest vm size optimization, host machine disk space usage optimization, how to create smaller disk images, overwrite data with zero, file zeroing.


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