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FAQ / DATA SECURITY > PROTECT FILES FROM LOSS, UNAUTHORIZED MODIFICATION AND THEFT
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Protect files with backup, encryption



HOW TO PROTECT DATA FROM BEING DELETED, MODIFIED, UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT DATA PROTECTION

create security copy



Backup files on regular basis to prevent data loss


In order to roll back unwanted changes or deletion is useful to keep a fresh security copy of the data being used, even this feature is provided in some forms by most content creation and editing programs making a full copy of the work data is always a good idea - on demand (i.e. before committing significant changes to the system, or to user's files) or, better, scheduled on a regular basis.
PeaZip can spare disk usage (and substantially improve download/upload speed of backup copies) creating backup with use of strong compression algorithms - as a role of thumb ZIP / GZip compression can save 50% of disk space applied on mixed-type input data, Bzip2 and 7Z compression provides better result at cost of more computing power/time.

A very common way to programmatically have the data secured by a backup copy is to schedule this process when the machine is not planned to be used intensively (i.e. during night hours).
While specific backup programs can feature built-in advanced functions for backup operations (i.e. differential backup which is the process of saving only a copy of the data actually changed since the last backup task, or low level disk copy routines to physically clone the hard disk, more common in software specifically meant for cloning disk images), one of the advantages of PeaZip is being able to save file compression operations (as well as file conversion or extraction operations) from GUI to a script file, in order to re-use the job definition with any system scheduler, or in third party programs and scripts: Add > Console > Save job definition creates a plain text file containing the task definition, saved by default in a "Scripts" subfolder in PeaZip's configuration path, which is unique for each user.


Avoid file theft and unauthorized access protecting data with encryption


PeaZip features strong encryption protocols, most common ones are WinZip AES256 AE encryption for ZIP files, and 7-Zip AES256 encryption for 7Z files, which also provides (optional) encryption of table of content of the archive, allowing to keep private also the names of the files and folders inside the archive until the correct password is provided.

For all the supported compression formats, PeaZip provides also optional two factor authentication, in which a file is used as key to improve the security of password based encryption.
The software also provides an utility to create random keyfiles and random passwords, sampling entropy from user's system, and an encrypted password manager to help safely handling multiple passwords, to be used in PeaZip or in other applications, websites and services.


Securely delete data and sanitize supports after intended lifecycle


As good practice, never let leftover data after intended lifecycle of that information.
PeaZip provides integrate utility to wipe files and folders which are intended to be premanently destoryed, while system's standard file deletion procedures simply de-references data in the filesystem letting the actual information intact on the support, where appropriate data recovery software can be used by an attacker to recover data intended to be erased.
Same function also allows to sanitize entire partitions in order to clean free (logical) disk space from remanants of data previously removed by unsecure deletion procedures - standard disk formatting procedures, similarily to standard deletion functions, by default does not take care to securely delete actual data on physical support, favouring speed over security.
When a memory unit (HDD, SSD, usb-key...) get de-commissioned, it is always a good practice to permanently erase it before, either files and free space.


Verify data integrity to detect modification


PeaZip supports multiple error detection algorithms ranging from fast checksums to cryptographically strong hashes: Adler32, CRC family (CRC16/24/32/64), eDonkey/eMule, MD4, MD5, Ripemd160, SHA families (SHA-1; SHA-2 SHA224/256/384/512), and Whirlpool512, in order to detect file corruption or forgery that may occour if the data comes from unreliable sources, such as disks undergoing failures or unreliable network connections.
File check may be automatic, as most archiving format supported by PeaZip stores advanced error detection information in the archive, or manual.
In example, if the hash of a downloaded file is published by the author of the file it is possible to re-calculate it with PeaZip to assure it matches with original one, meaning the originally intended file was actually downloaded without errors and without being replaced or corrupted by an attacker in any stage of the communication.
While filesystems and communication protocols implement error detection and error correction algorithms, usually speed is the primary design goal, menaning more computing intensive controls are generally not an option.
Detecting files corruption or forgery as soon as possible avoids to work on, or backup, inconsistent data.


Share, synchronize, attach, and upload files


PeaZip helps sharing files with other people and synchronize data with other computers/devices/services, consolidating multiple composite input files in a single output archive file so data is more handy to manage for any purpose and with any method (as email, ftp or other protocols such as torrents or p2p). Moreover, supporting high compression algorithms, output file is usually significantly smaller than the sum of sizes of input files, saving bandwidth and time both for uploading and downloading the data package.

The integrated archive conversion function ensure the ability to change the type of an existing archive, extracting and effectively re-compressing its content in the desired file format, in order to, in example, transform old archives (as backup files) into a more up to date format either for improved compression or better security, or to be able to share data with users being able to read only a subset of the archive formats supported by this software.

If a maximum allowed size is mandatory, in example when attaching a file to a mail, file spanning feature can (in a single pass) create multiple split output file parts (.001, .002, etc), each one smaller than the desired limit size.

PeaZip automatically detects local paths containing Dropbox, Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive (formerly known as SkyDrive), and Ubuntu One shared files.
Cloud based synchronization platforms allows users to store data on a remote location that is mutually accessible by different devices owned by the user, like multiple PCs, smartphones, tablets/phablets, gadgets etc, basically any device capable to connect to Internet and run the file synchronization software, which for this reason is usually multi-platform and can run on Microsoft Windows, Linux / Google Android or ChromeOS, and Apple MacOSX / iOS.
PeaZip shows available shared directories in the navigation area (on the left) of file browser, so shared files are quickly accessible - and also in compression/conversion and extraction screens, to allow quick selecting sync folders as target for archiving and extraction tasks.
This is especially useful when sharing archive files with mobile or ultramobile devices and gadgets not able to run a full featured file archiver (i.e. because some archive formats or encryption protocols are not supported, or because not enough powerful for convenient use of strongest compression algorithms, especially on very large archives, or because no viable freeware choices are available, or because locked for some policies), but fully capable to handle the content of the archive once it is extracted.

More information about data protection


External online resources: Wikipedia pages about backupWikipedia data compression comparative, cryptographycryptography, checksum and hash algorithm CRCcyclic redundancy check, MD5Message Digest algorithm, SHANIST FIPS compliant hash, file spanningspan mail attachment

Topics and search suggetsions: protect files from being deleted, copied, modified without authorization, encrypt files to avoid unauthorized access and modification, backup and restore files to prevent data loss, privacy, stolen data, file theft, cryptography, AES, CRC, MD5, SHA, error detection, error correction, encrypt filenames and TOC, two factor authentication, work with keyfile, random password generation, encrypted password manager, password protection, share and protect files, integrity check, error-detecting code.


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7Z AES attach files backup CAB CRC cloud cryptography data corruption encrypt file names hash integrity check MD5 password manager password protection RAR random password generator restore SHA share files synchronize TAR two factor authentication ZIP ZIPX

free rar files utility

PeaZip is a free cross-platform file archiver that provides an unified portable GUI for many Open Source technologies like 7-Zip, FreeArc, PAQ, UPX...
Create 7Z, ARC, BZ2, GZ, *PAQ, PEA, QUAD/BALZ, TAR, UPX, WIM, XZ, ZIP files
Open and extract over 180 archive types: ACE, ARJ, CAB, DMG, ISO, LHA, RAR, UDF, ZIPX files and more...
Features of PeaZip includes extract, create and convert multiple archives at once, create self-extracting archives, split/join files, strong encryption with two factor authentication, encrypted password manager, secure deletion, find duplicate files, calculate hashes, export job definition as script.

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